Writers » ANNE FRANK
|Full name||: Anne Frank|
|Alias||: Anne Frank|
|Address||: Frankfurt am Main, Weimar Germany|
|Animals||: The Snake|
|Father||: Otto Frank|
|Mother||: Edith Frank|
|Siblings||: Margot Frank|
|Education||: Montessori Lyceum Amsterdam|
Anne Frank was one of the thousands of Jewish children who were killed in the Holocaust. She became a well-known name and one of the most discussed victims of the holocaust after her diary ‘The Diary of a Young Girl’ was published by her father a couple of years after her death. The diary is today one of the world’s best known books and has been translated into several languages. It has also been adapted into many plays and films all over the world. Born in Frankfurt, Germany, during a highly tumultuous period in the nation’s history, she moved from Germany to Amsterdam with her family in the early 1930s after the rise of Nazis in her homeland. At the height of the World War II the Germans occupied Netherlands and the Jews were no longer safe in Amsterdam as well. As the persecution of the Jewish population continued to increase, the Frank family was forced to move into hiding. A young teenager who hoped to become a writer on growing up, Anne dutifully wrote in her dairy, documenting her daily life in hiding. She remained hopeful that one day her life would return to normalcy but her hopes were unfounded; she, her mother and sister were killed along with thousands of other Jews in the concentration camps. Only her father survived the war.
She was born as Annelies Marie Frank on 12 June 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany, to Otto Frank and Edith Frank-Holländer. She had an elder sister, Margot. The Franks were a typical upper middle-class liberal Jewish family who lived in an assimilated community of Jewish and non-Jewish citizens. Her father, an army man turned businessman, had scholarly interests and both her parents encouraged their daughters to read.
Anne was born during an era of political chaos in Germany. In March 1933, Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party won the elections held in Frankfurt for the municipal council. The party was notorious for its anti-Semitism and her parents began to fear for their children.
When Hitler became chancellor of Germany, the family left Germany and moved to Amsterdam in Netherlands fearing for their lives. They were among 300,000 Jews who fled Nazi Germany between 1933 and 1939.
Otto Frank, an industrious man, worked hard to stabilize the family’s financial position. He found a job at the Opekta Works, a company that sold fruit extract pectin, and went on to establish his own business.
Anne started attending a Montessori school. She was an extrovert, outspoken and friendly. She had always loved reading and now she developed a writing habit as well. But she was very secretive about what she wrote and never shared it even with her friends.
However, when the Frank family had finally settled into a comfortable routine, Germany invaded the Netherlands in May 1940 and the peaceful lives of the Jews came to an abrupt end. The persecution of Jews began with the implementation of restrictive and discriminatory laws, and Otto Frank once again feared for his wife and daughters.
Due to the restrictive laws, Anne and her sister were forced to leave their respective schools and had to enroll at the Jewish Lyceum. Meanwhile, their father struggled to provide financially for the family as being a Jew he was not allowed to continue running his business.
Anne received a gift from her parents for her 13th birthday on 12 June, 1942: a red checkered diary. She began writing on it almost immediately. Even though most of her initial entries were about the mundane routines of day to day life, she also wrote about how her family fled Germany and adjusted to life in the Netherlands.