Scientists » Mathematicians » CARL LUDWIG SIEGEL
|Full name||: Carl Ludwig Siegel|
|Alias||: Carl Ludwig Siegel|
|Address||: Berlin, German Empire|
|Animals||: The Monkey|
|Education||: Georg-August University of Göttingen Humboldt University of Berlin|
The man behind the number theory, Carl Ludwig Siegel was a significant mathematician of the 20th century. Son of a postal worker, Siegel, in spite of his humble background, made it big in the world of science through his sheer determination and labor. A profound student of history of mathematics, Siegel put his studies to good use and thus was successful in bringing about the number theory and celestial mechanics. Additionally, he also proved important theorems in the theory of analytical functions of several complex numbers. For his immense contribution in the field of mathematics, Siegel was the recipient of many honorary doctorates, and a member of the most renowned academies in his life. Explore this biography to know more about this profile and works.
Siegel’s groundbreaking work in the field of number theory won him appreciation and accolades from around the world. In addition to this, Siegel is also accounted for the substantial contribution he made to the transdence theory, devising a new method for the algebriac independence of values of certain E-functions. His research on the analytic theory of quadratic forms in 1935 was historically significant as he broke new ground in considering quadratic forms in which the coefficients were from an algebraic number field.The Siegel modular forms are recognised as part of the moduli theory of abelian varieties. Siegel is also known to have made eight major contributions in celestial mechanics, which was next to number theory in his list of favourite topics. It was due to his immense work and contribution to mathematics that Siegel was honored with the Wolf Prize award in Mathematics in the year 1978.
Carl Ludwig Siegel was born in Berlin in the year 1896. His father worked for the post office. At the age of nineteen, Siegel enrolled himself at the Humboldt University in the midst of World War I, wherein he studied mathematics, astronomy and physics. It was there that Siegel attended lectures by Max Planck and Ferdinand Georg Frobenius. These lectures made an impression on young Siegel’s mind so much so that it made Siegel abandon astronomy and switch to number theory, which became the main research topic of his career. Despite being an antimilitarist, Siegel, in 1917, had to forgo his studies as he was called for military service. However, army life did not suit Siegel as he could not adapt to the strict schedule, and hence, he was discharged as a failure.
Post war, Siegel resumed his studies, for which he enrolled himself at the Georg-August University of Göttingen, as a teaching and research assistant. Under the instruction and training of Edmund Landau, Siegel received his PhD degree in 1920. It was during his years at Göttingen that Siegel undertook many of his groundbreaking research and published them. In 1922, Siegel was appointed as a professor at the Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität of Frankfurt am Main as the successor of Arthur Moritz Schönflies. A close friend of docents Ernst Hellinger and Max Dehn, Siegel used his influence to help the two as he too strongly opposed Nazism. It was due to this that Siegel was not appointed as a successor to the chair of Constantin Carathéodory in Munich.