Leaders » Revolutionaries » CHIANG KAI-SHEK
|Full name||: Chiang Kai-shek|
|Alias||: Chiang Kai-shek|
|Animals||: The Pig|
|Father||: Jiang Zhaocong|
|Mother||: Wang Caiyu|
|Wife||: Mao Fumei, Yao Yecheng, Chen Jieru, Soong May-ling|
|Children||: Chiang Ching-kuo, Chiang Wei-kuo|
|Education||: 1911 - Imperial Japanese Army Academy Baoding Military Academy|
|Activists||: Revolutionaries , Political Leaders, Presidents|
Chiang Kai-shek was a Chinese political leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China for almost five decades. Also known as Chiang Chung-cheng and Chiang Chieh-shih, he was an influential member of the Kuomintang (KMT), the Chinese Nationalist Party. Born in China during the rule of the Qing dynasty, he joined military training college in Japan as a teenager. He served for a while in the Japanese army during the course of which he started developing revolutionary ideas. Upon his return to China, he became actively involved in the uprising that overthrew the Qing Dynasty and established a Chinese republic. He eventually joined the Chinese Nationalist Party (known as the Kuomintang or KMT), founded by Sun Yat-sen and became a close ally of Sun. He rose through the ranks and served as the Commandant of the Kuomintang's Whampoa Military Academy. Upon Sun’s death in 1925 Chiang succeeded as the party’s leader and led the suppression of the Chinese Communist Party. Over the years he became a very powerful political leader and gained much international prominence in the late 1930s. Following the civil war in 1946 in which KMT was defeated by the Communists, Chiang moved to Taiwan where he established a government in exile.
Chiang was born on October 31, 1887, in Fenghua, Zhejiang, Qing dynasty. His father Jiang Zhaocong and mother Wang Caiyu were from a fairly prosperous family of salt merchants. His father died when Chiang was only eight years old.
He grew up at a time when China was in the throes of a political turmoil amidst the civil wars among warlords.
Chiang decided to pursue a military career. First, he enrolled at the Baoding Military Academy in North China in 1906 before moving to the Tokyo Shinbu Gakko, an Imperial Japanese Army Academy Preparatory School for Chinese students, in 1907.
He met several compatriots in Japan who influenced him with their revolutionary thoughts and inspired him to support the revolutionary movement in their homeland to overthrow the Qing Dynasty and to set up a Chinese republic.
Chiang served in the Imperial Japanese Army from 1909 to 1911.
Chiang Kai-shek was married four times. His first marriage was to Mao Fumei who died in the Second Sino-Japanese War during a bombardment. This marriage produced one son, Chiang Ching-kuo. His second and third wives were Yao Yecheng and Chen Jieru respectively. His fourth and best known wife was Soong May-ling who played a prominent role in the politics of the Republic of China.
He suffered from various ailments during the last years of his life. His aging body was further weakened by a heart attack and renal failure in the months preceding his death. He succumbed to his illnesses on April 5, 1975, at the age of 87. Chiang was succeeded as President by Vice President Yen Chia-kan and as Kuomintang party leader by his son Chiang Ching-kuo.
Chiang Kai-shek was honored with the Order of National Glory, the highest military award of the Republic of China Armed Forces, the army of the Republic of China.
He was awarded the Order of Blue Sky and White Sun with Grand Cordon for "outstanding contributions to national security under foreign invasion".