Leaders » Political Leaders » FIDEL CASTRO
|Full name||: Fidel Castro|
|Alias||: Fidel Castro|
|Address||: Birán, Cuba|
|Father||: Ángel Castro y Argiz|
|Mother||: Ángela María Castro Ruz|
|Siblings||: Raúl Castro, Ramón Castro, Juanita Castro, Angelita Castro, Enma Castro, Agustina Castro|
|Wife||: Dalia Soto del Valle (m. 1980), Mirta Diaz-Balart (m. 1948–1955)|
|Children||: Alina Fernández, Francisca Pupo, Alex Castro-Soto, Angel Castro-Soto, Antonio Castro-Soto, Jorge Angel Castro, Fidel Ángel Castro Díaz-Balart Alejandro Castro-Soto, Alexis Castro-Soto|
|Education||: University of Havana Belen Jesuit Preparatory School|
|Activists||: Political Leaders , Presidents|
Fidel Castro is one of the most prominent communist leaders of the last century. He was the Prime Minister, President and Commander-in-Chief of Cuba and made the country a one-party socialist state. Castro started off as a rebellion against right-wing governments in the Dominican Republic and Colombia and in a matter of time became the leader of the communist revolution and ruled Cuba for almost 6 decades. In his almost six-decade long career, Castro moved from the rank of being a ‘political illiterate’ to being a ‘pro politician’. Adopting anti-imperialistic politics, Castro led the Cuban Revolution and successfully overthrew Fulgencio Batista, the US-backed President of Cuba. He developed strong ties with the Soviet Union, which further irked the U. S. A, which US attempted to remove him, by economic blockade, assassination and counter-revolution but none of these had an impact on Castro and his rule remained strong. Castro implemented various socialistic reforms including introduction of the central economic planning and expansion of the healthcare and education. Castro also served as the Secretary General of the Non Aligned Movement and the First Secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba.
Born to Angel Castro y Agrgiz and Lina Ruz González, Fidel Castro was the illegitimate child of the couple and hence bore the surname Ruz for the first 17 years of his life. He was the third of the seven children of the couple.
At the age of six, young Castro was sent to live with his teacher in Santiago de Cuba. As a child, he attended various schools, finally enrolling himself at the El Colegio de Belén in Havana.
Academically, Castro was just an average student but he had a profound liking for sports and excelled in the same. He played for the school’s baseball team.
Castro went into the wedlock with Mirta Díaz Balart in 1948. Though both the families opposed the marriage, the two went with it.
It was through his relationship with Balart, who came from a wealthy Cuban family, that Castro was exposed to the lifestyle of the Cuban elite.
The couple was blessed with a son, Fidelito in 1949. The unison, however, did not last long as Castro broke ties with Balart (1955) on account of her working for Batista.
Following his divorce with Balart, Castro had sexual affairs with two female supporters - Naty Revuelta and Maria Laborde, each of whom conceived him a child.
Since 1990s, Castro has been suffering from various health issues, which worsened in 2006 when he was reported to be suffering from gastrointestinal bleeding
He became the first foreigner to receive the Order of Lenin - he was honoured with this three times.
His effort against racism won him South Africa’s highest civilian award for foreigners - the Order of Good Hope.
Additionally, he has been honoured and praised by many governments around the world, including Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, Vietnam, Spain, Mexico, Ukraine, Venezuela, Malaysia etc.