Leaders » Political Leaders » FRANÇOIS HOLLANDE
|Full name||: François Hollande|
|Alias||: François Hollande|
|Animals||: The Horse|
|Father||: Georges Gustave Hollande|
|Mother||: Nicole Frédérique Marguerite Tribert|
|Wife||: Valérie Trierweiler, Ségolène Royal|
|Children||: Thomas Hollande, Flora Hollande, Julien Hollande, Clémence Hollande|
|Education||: HEC Paris Sciences Po 1980 - École nationale d'administration|
|Activists||: Political Leaders , Presidents|
François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande is the current President of France; he is in office since 2012. He joined the Socialist Party of France while he was still a student at École Nationale d'Administration and was quickly spotted by party leaders. He got his first important position as the special advisor to the newly elected President Mitterrand while he was still in his twenties. In late 1990s he became the First Secretary of the Socialist party under Prime Minister Jospin and held on to the post for eleven long years. Simultaneously, he also acted as the Mayor of Tulle. Although he experienced a brief period of decline from 2005 onwards he soon bounced back to win party nomination for the 2012 Presidential election. Once elected as President, he immediately started acting on his election manifesto. In addition to his political work, Hollande also has a number of books and academic works to his credit. In his last book ‘Changer de destinis’, published in February 2012, Hollande has talked about his personal and political journey. Personally he is an atheist. In an interview he had said that he respects all religions, but does not belong to any particular faith.
Hollande joined the Socialist Party in 1979, while he was still a student at École Nationale d'Administration and was spotted by Jacques Attali, the advisor to President Mitterrand. After passing out he entered Cour des comptes, a quasi judicial body under the French government, as a councilor.
In 1981, Hollande challenged future President Chirac for the French Assembly seat of Corrèze department in central France, but lost. He was then appointed as an economic adviser in the administration of President Francois Mitterrand. Later he was sent to work under the government spokesperson Max Gallo.
In 1983, Hollande became a municipal councilor for Ussel, a commune in the Corrèze department. In 1988, he again contested for the National Assembly seat from Corrèze and won. He lost the seat in the 1993 election due to right wing wave that engulfed the country during the period.
At that time, the Socialist Party was also undergoing a phase of internal struggle with different leaders trying to assert their authorities. Hollande tried to reconcile the different warring groups. Ultimately Lionel Jospin assumed the leadership of the party. Under him Hollande became the official party spokesperson.
Then in 1997, Jospin became the Prime Minister of a cohabitation government under President Chirac. This is also the year when Hollande regained his National Assembly seat from Corrèze.
On becoming Prime Minister, Jospin appointed Hollande to the post of the First Secretary of the Socialist Party, a position he held until 2008. During this period Hollande’s hold within the party became so strong that many began to refer to him as the ‘Vice Prime Minister of France’.
In 2001, Hollande became the Mayor of Tulle, the capital of Corrèze department. Although he held the position for seven years, he was not disconnected from national politics. Contrarily, the shock defeat of Jospin in 2002 presidential election and his subsequent resignation made Hollande the party’s public face in the legislative election.
However, 2002 was a tough year for the Socialist Party. Although Hollande was able to retain his own seat at Corrèze and limit the defeat to some extent, the party lost the election on the whole. In spite of that he was reelected as the First Secretary in the 2003 party congress
In 2004 regional election, a left coalition headed by Socialist under Hollande won the twenty of the twenty two regions in Metropolitan France, consisting of mainland France and nearby islands.
With such a win, Hollande became the natural choice for the 2007 Presidential election. However, a large faction within the party opposed it and ultimately, his live-in partner Ségolène Royal was nominated to run the Presidential election. Unfortunately, she lost to Nicolas Sarkozy.
In 2005, Hollande was reelected as the First Secretary of the Socialist party; but his hold over the party began to wane from now on. Many blamed him for Royal’s defeat in the 2007 Presidential election. When his term as First Secretary ended in 2008 he did not seek reelection.
In April 2008, Hollande was elected as the President of the General Council of Corrèze. In March 2011, he was reelected to the same post. Soon, he announced his candidature in the forthcoming primary election for selection of the
As president, Hollande has legalized same sex marriage and the adoption rights of LGBT couples. He has introduced labour reforms to make French industry more competitive. Under his reign, France is one of the leading members of the international coalition against ISIS.
François Hollande was born on August 12, 1954, in Rouen, France. His father, Georges Gustave Hollande, was an ENT doctor and held a far right political view. His mother, Nicole Frédérique Marguerite Tribert, was a social worker. As a child, François was brought up a Catholic.
François started his education at Saint-Jean-Baptiste-de-la-Salle in Rouen. When he turned thirteen the family moved to Neuilly-sur-Seine in the suburbs of Paris. There he enrolled at Lycée Pasteur, a secondary school in the locality.
After graduating from secondary school, François attended the École des Hautes Études Commerciales and passed out from there in 1975. Next, he enrolled at the Institut de Sciences Politiques and finally at the École Nationale d'Administration, from where he passed out in 1980. He also has a bachelor degree in law from Panthéon-Assas University.
Although Hollande has never married, for thirty years he had a live-in relatiosnship with Ségolène Royal. They had four children; Thomas, Clémence, Julien and Flora. The couple separated in 2007.
Few months after the separation with Royal Hollande began to see French journalist Valérie Trierweiler. After Hollande became the President, she moved in with him. She later accompanied him in his foreign trips and acted as the official hostess. The couple announced their official separation on January 25, 2014.