Scientists » Mathematicians » JACOB BERNOULLI
|Full name||: Jacob Bernoulli|
|Alias||: Jacob Bernoulli|
|Address||: Basel, Switzerland|
|Animals||: The Horse|
|Father||: Nicolaus Bernoulli|
|Mother||: Margaretha Bernoulli|
|Siblings||: Johann Bernoulli|
|Wife||: Judith Stupanus|
|Education||: University of Basel|
Jacob Bernoulli can be rightly called the initiator of the Bernoulli family’s mathematical dynasty. A class of his own, Jacob was bright and intelligent right from the very beginning. His well-researched concepts brought about a revolution in Swiss mathematics. Jacob Bernoulli is credited for being the first person to develop the technique for solving separable differential equations. He is also responsible for the Bernoulli numbers, by which he derived the exponential series. In addition to that, the subject of probability, which is now called the Bernoulli law of large numbers, also falls in the kitty of this prominent and renowned mathematician. With this article, know more about the life and history of Jacob Bernoulli
Jacob Bernoulli was born in the city of Basel, Switzerland. Both his parents were respectable citizens, holding important position in the city. While his father, Nicolaus Bernoulli was a member of the town council and a magistrate, his mother came from an important Basel family of bankers and councillors. Brother Johann Bernoulli and uncle Daniel Bernoulli played an important role in the life of Jacob. During his early days, Jacob was forced to study philosophy and theology by his parents. Though he did comply with their demands, Jacob did not let his interest in mathematics and astronomy die down. As such, he, simultaneously, studied the latter subjects as these interested him the most. Jacob graduated from the University of Basel with a master's degree in philosophy in 1671. Five years thence, in 1676, he was awarded a licentiate in theology.
From 1676 to 1682, Jacob travelled all around Europe, learning about the latest discoveries made by scientists in the field of mathematics and astronomy. His first halt was at Geneva where he took up a job as a tutor. He, then, moved to France, where he spent a couple of years studying with the followers of Descartes who were led by Malebranche during that time. Jacob’s next stop was at Netherlands in 1681. It was there that he met a number of mathematicians, including Hudde. However, his journey did not end there, as Jacob travelled to England wherein he met Boyle and Hooke. These travel expeditions not only widened Jacob’s knowledge but also laid the foundation for Jacob’s association with numerous many mathematicians which he carried on until late in his life.
Jacob Bernoulli married Judith Stupnas in the year 1684. The couple was blessed with a son and a daughter. However, unlike their father, both the children did not go on to become mathematician or physicists