Scientists » Physicists » JOHANN HEINRICH LAMBERT
|Full name||: Johann Heinrich Lambert|
|Alias||: Johann Heinrich Lambert|
|Address||: Republic of Mulhouse, Independent city-state|
|Animals||: The Monkey|
|Activists||: Physicists , Astronomers, Mathematicians|
Johann Heinrich Lambert was a man with a vision. Despite coming from a family of tailors, Lambert acclaimed a great deal of success in his life, which was the result of sheer hard work and perseverance. Being born in a modest family, life did pose to him a number of challenges. However, Lambert swift passed them to attain what he had dreamt of. A mathematician, physicist and astronomer, Lambert made significant contribution in all the respective fields. He has also been credited with a number of firsts, such as he was the first man to introduce the concept of hyperbolic function in trigonometry, the first mathematician to deal with the general properties of map projections and creator of the first practical hygrometer. The following lines provide detailed information of Lambert’s life and his contributions.
Born in 1728, in the city of Mulhouse, Johann Heinrich Lambert came from a modest family. The financial condition of the family had left Lambert with no choice but to forgo his education. As such, at the tender age of twelve, Lambert gave up on his studies and started assisting his father, who was a tailor. However, this did not mark the end of Lambert’s education graph, for he continued to study in his free time, his elementary schooling and training in French and Latin assisting him all the while. Lambert attained his scientific training and substantial scholarship by self-instruction. Due to his excellent handwriting, Lambert bagged the job of a clerk at the ironworks at Seppois when he was fifteen. Two years later, he was appointed as a secretary for Johann Rudolf Iselin, editor of the Basler Zeitung and later professor of law at Basel University. It was then that Lambert resumed his study in the field of humanities, philosophy, and sciences. Apart from these subjects, Lambert also showed interest in mathematics and astronomy.
At the age of 20, Lambert became a private tutor to the sons of Count Salis in Chur, a job which he continued for a decade. During this time, Lambert not only assisted his pupils in achieving educational success, but he also satisfied his hunger for knowledge by studying intensively in the family library. It was also there that Lambert made friends with the visitors of the noble Swiss family. The few subjects that Lambert taught his pupils were languages, mathematics, geography, history, and catechism. It was at Chur that the foundation of Lambert’s career in the arena of scientific research was laid. His journal Monatsbuch, which he started penning in 1752 and continued until death, records month by month updates of the works undertaken by him, apart from his theoretical investigations. It was during this time that Lambert got involved in astronomical observations and constructed instruments for scientific experiments. At Chur, Lambert gained membership at the Literary Society of Chur and the Swiss Scientific Society at Basel. Acting upon the request of the Swiss Scientific Society, Lambert started making regular meteorological observations, which he reported in 1755.