|Full name||: Johann Sebastian Bach|
|Alias||: Johann Sebastian Bach|
|Address||: Eisenach, Saxe-Eisenach|
|Father||: Johann Ambrosius Bach|
|Mother||: Maria Elisabetha Lämmerhirt|
|Siblings||: Johann Christoph Bach, Johann Jacob Bach, Johann Balthasar Bach|
|Wife||: Anna Magdalena Bach (m. 1721–1750), Maria Barbara Bach (m. 1707–1720)|
|Children||: Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Johann Christian Bach, Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach, Johann Gottfried Bernhard Bach, Gottfried Heinrich Bach, Catharina Dorothea Bach, Regina Susanna, Maria Sophia, Johann August Abraham, Johann Christoph, Elisabeth Juliana Friederika, Christiana Benedicta Louise, Johanna Carolina, Christina Sophia Henrietta, Christian Gottlieb, Regina Johanna, Christiana Dorothea, Ernestus Andreas, Leopold Augustus|
|Education||: St. Michael's School|
Johann Sebastian Bach was a German composer, violinist, violist, pianist and harpsichordist of the Baroque period. He contributed much towards many established styles of German composing. Blessed with amazing harmonic, counterpoint and motivic organization, he created his own era in German music. He adopted many rhythms, forms and textures from abroad to enrich his music. He is credited with many aesthetically beautiful musical compositions which were revered for their technical command and intellectual depth. Many of his works, like Brandenburg Concertos, well-tempered Clavier, Mass in B minor etc., were immense successes and can find their way directly to the listeners’ heart. Ahead of the times in which they were created, these pieces are popular even today. Born in a musical family, Bach was a natural. Apart from being an extraordinary composer, he was a talented singer too. Read on to know more about the life and career of the most prominent musician of Baroque period.
Bach was born to a German musical family on 21 March 1685 in Saxe-Eisenach (Germany). His father, Johann Ambrosius Bach, was a prominent musician and director of the town’s musicians. Maria Elisabeth Lämmerhirt was his mother and he was the eighth child of the couple. He learnt violin and harpsichord from his father. His uncles, all of them, were professional singers. He learnt organ from his uncle Johann Christopher Bach. John Ludwig Bach, a famous violinist and composer, was his second cousin. Bach’s mother died in 1694, when he was nine years old. Unfortunately, he lost his father also soon after. Bach then moved to Ohrdruf, along with his brother Johann Christopher Bach (J.C. Bach), who was working as organist at Mischaeliskirche. This was an important time in his life for he received valuable lessons from his brother who introduced him to many leading German composers like Johann Jakob Froberger, Johann Pachelbel, Jean-Baptiste Lully, Louis Marchand, Marin Marais etc. and Italian clavierist Girolamo Frescobaldi. Bach joined a local school in 1699 and received lessons in Latin, French, Greek, Italian and theology. Bach and his friend George Erdmann were awarded scholarships to study at the St. Michael’s School, a prestigious institution in Luneburg. They remained there for a year and got exposed to a wider aspect of European culture.
In 1706, Bach married Maria Barbara Bach, his second cousin. The couple had seven children but, only four of them survived to adulthood. Among these were two famous music composers, Wilhelm Friedemann Bach and Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach. He lost his wife in 1720 and married Anna Magdalena Wilcke, a famous soprano, on December 3, 1721. The couple had 13 children but only six of them survived to adulthood. All three of his sons, viz. Gottfried Heinrich, Johann Christoph Friedrich and Johann Christian, pursued musical careers. His daughters were Elisabeth Juliane Friederica, Johanna Carolina and Regina Susanna. Elisabeth Juliane Friederica married Johann Christoph Altnikol, Bach's pupil.
Bach had an eye surgery in March 1750. He died on 28July 1750 of apparent complications of this surgery, as reported by the newspapers then. However, modern historians clam that his death was due to a stroke complicated by pneumonia.
Singet dem Herrn ein neues Lied
Der Geist hilft unsrer Schwachheit auf
Jesu, meine Freude
Liturgical Works In Latin
Mass in B minor
Missa in F major
Missa in A major
Passions And Oratorios
St Matthew Passion (Matthäus-Passion)
Matthäus-Passion (earlier version)
John Passion (Johannes-Passion)
Hier lieg' ich nun
Das walt' mein Gott
Gott mein Herz dir Dank