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Scientists » Physicists » JOHN ROBERT SCHRIEFFER

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Full name : John Robert Schrieffer
Alias : John Robert Schrieffer
Gender : Men
Country : American
Birthday : 31-05-1931
Address : Oak Park, Illinois, USA
Animals : The Sheep
Zodiac : Gemini
Died :
Father : John H. Schrieffer
Mother : Louise Anderson
Siblings :
Wife : Anne Grete Thomsen
Children : Bolette, Regina, Paul
Education : Massachusetts Institute of Technology University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Position :
Activists : Physicists

John Robert Schrieffer is an American physicist noted for his contributions in developing the BCS theory, along with fellow American physicists John Bardeen and Leon N Cooper. It was the first successful and widely accepted superconductivity theory. This scientific contribution of the trio won them the ‘Nobel Prize in Physics’ in 1972. He was still a graduate level student under John Bardeen at the University of Illinois when he worked with Bardeen and Cooper to develop, elucidate and publish the BCS theory of superconductivity, the acronym of which was formed by combining initial letters of surnames of its developers namely Bardeen, Cooper and Schrieffer in that order. He aided in explaining the reason behind metals losing their electrical resistance when temperature is quite low. He also contributed in developing another theory that is related to high temperature superconductivity. Over decades he remained an academician imparting education at several universities at different point of time. These include ‘University of Chicago’; ‘University of Pennsylvania’, Philadelphia; ‘University of Illinois’; ‘University of California’, Santa Barbara; ‘Florida State University’; and ‘Cornell University’. He became Andrew D. White Professor-at-Large at ‘Cornell University’ and Mary Amanda Wood professor in physics at the ‘University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. He received several awards and recognitions including the ‘Guggenheim Fellowship’, the ‘Comstock Prize in Physics’ (1968) and the ‘National Medal of Science’ (1983) among others. Amidst all the success and accomplishments he had to face a sentence of two years for vehicular manslaughter when he lost control while driving and crashed a vehicle resulting in killing its driver and injuring seven more people. He served his sentence at the ‘Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility’ located at the Rock Mountain close to San Diego, California.

 

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