|Full name||: Manuel Noriega|
|Alias||: Manuel Noriega|
|Address||: Panama City|
|Animals||: The Dog|
|Wife||: Felicidad Sieiro de Noriega|
|Children||: Sandra Noriega, Lorena Noriega, Thays Noriega|
|Education||: Chorrillos Military School|
Manuel Noriega is a former Panamanian military officer and politician. He ruled Panama as military dictator from 1983 till 1989 when he was thrown out of power after the invasion of Panama. He was driven out of power by the American forces. For more than 3 decades before the U. S. invasion, Manuel had worked closely with the Central Intelligence Agency of the USA and he was one of CIA’s most valuable intelligence sources throughout Central and South America. He was, in fact, one of the main channels for supplying and distributing illicit weapons, military equipment and cash to the US-backed counterinsurgency forces throughout Central and South America. He was also a cocaine trafficker and the U.S. intelligence agencies were aware of this but because of his usefulness to their covert military operations in Latin America, they allowed him to do it. He unified the Panamanian armed forces in early eighties and named it the Panamanian Defense Forces. Thereafter, he promoted himself as a general of the defense forces of his country and thus assumed the position of Panama’s de facto leader. He also cancelled Panama’s presidential elections and tried to control the nation through a puppet government. The United States of America invaded Panama after the failure of a military coup against Manuel and the dictator had to eventually surrender in the month of January 1990
When he returned to Panama, Manuel Noriega was first commissioned as a sub-lieutenant in National Guard and was posted in Colon. He got a string of promotions and got acquainted with Captain Omar Torrijos.
In 1967, Manuel also received his counter-intelligence and intelligence training at Fort Gulick that belongs to the U.S. army in the Panama Canal Zone and also completed a course in psyops or psychological operations at Fort Bragg in Carolina.
He was promoted as a lieutenant in the year 1968 and supported Omar Torrijos in the failed military coup that took place in 1969.
He was elevated to the position of lieutenant colonel as a reward for his loyalty and was eventually given the position of chief of military intelligence by Omar. It is claimed by Manuel that based on instructions given to him by Torijos, he struck a negotiation deal for an amnesty for approximately 400 guerilla fighters who were defeated earlier and thus enabled them to return to places like Costa Rica and Honduras from their exile.
When Manuel was assigned the position of chief of military intelligence, he managed to establish contacts with the intelligence service of the United States of America.
By late 1970s, Manuel Noriega was regarded as the most feared person in Panama. In 1981, after Torijos had passed away in a plane crash, Manuel collaborated with other civilian as well as military leaders so that he could gain the upper hand.
The year 1983 was an eventful year for Manuel Noriega as he managed to unify the Panamanian armed forces in Panamanian Defense Forces, took the command of the National Guard and promoted himself to the position of general.
In the mid-eighties, Manuel was confronted with a series of serious charges for events linked with the brutal and blatant murder of Hugo Spadafora who was one of his most vocal opponents.
A series of evidences were presented against him for laundering money related to drugs and selling restricted American information and technology that brought him at political loggerheads with the government of the United States of America. The conflict became severe in light of the immediate transfer of power by Manuel that was agreed upon in a treaty called the “Panama Canal Treaty”.
The presidential elections in Panama were cancelled by Manuel Noriega in the year 1989 and he controlled the country through a puppet-government, which had practically no power.
Subsequent to the failure of a military coup against the dictator, Panama was invaded by the United States military forces. Manuel took shelter in the Vatican embassy in Panama City where he stayed for ten days.
On 3rd January, 1990, Manuel Noriega eventually surrendered to the U.S.A. Thereafter, he was taken to Miami and was charged with a series of criminal offences. In 1992, a federal court in the United States convicted Manuel for cocaine trafficking as well as money laundering. He was give a sentence for 40 years but his term got reduced due to his good conduct while in jail.
Noriega finally returned to Panama, his home nation, on 11th December 2011 where he has started serving 3 twenty year prison terms.
Manuel Noriega was born on 11th February, 1934 in Panama City, Panama. He was born in a poor family that originally hailed from Colombia. His father was an accountant while his mother was his father’s former maid.
Manuel was given up for adoption when he was just five years old to a school teacher and studied in National Institute which is one of well-known schools in Panama and had originally intended to become a physician.
Since Noriega’s family was not well-off, they could not send him to a medical school and so he accepted a scholarship for studying in the Chorrillos Military School at Lima, Peru.
In the year 1962, Manuel graduated with a degree in engineering and started his military career.
Not much is known about Manuel Noriega’s personal life. Manuel Noriega is married to Felicidad Sieiro de Noriega since late sixties and the couple has three adult daughters from their marriage. His daughters’ names are Sandra, Thays and Lorena.
His wife, daughters, a grandson who was just 4 months old and a son-in-law had taken refuge in the residence of the Ambassador of Cuba after the U.S. military troops had invaded Panama that subsequently toppled Manuel’s dictatorship in his home country.