Leaders » Prime Ministers » NOURI AL-MALIKI
|Full name||: Nouri al-Maliki|
|Alias||: Nouri al-Maliki|
|Address||: Al-Hindiya, Iraq|
|Father||: Kamil Mohammed Hasan al-Maliki|
|Wife||: Faleeha Khalil|
|Children||: Esraa al-Maliki|
|Education||: University of Baghdad|
|Activists||: Prime Ministers , Political Leaders|
Nouri Al-Maliki is an Iraqi political leader, who served as the Prime Minister of Iraq from 2006 to 2014. He was born in a family that had a history of political activism and in fact, his grandfather had rebelled against the British colonizers. During his University period, he became a member of the Islamic Dawa Party and before long he rose as an important member of the party. However, the party was at odds with the ruling Baath Party led by Saddam Hussein and their conflicts finally led to Al-Maliki fleeing Iraq in 1979. He spent the next 24 yeras in Syria and Iran during which he built up a group of political allies. He went back to Iraq after the Saddam Hussein dictatorship in the country had been toppled by the US led forces and after a few years he became the Prime Minister of the country. His tenure as the Prime Minister of Iraq came at a crucial time and he was successful in bringing about temporary peace between several warring factions in the country. He refused to run for a 3rd term for the post of Prime Minister.
Having already been a member of the Islamic Dawa Party, that fought for the Shias in the country, from his university days, he quickly became one of the important members of the party. In the 1970s, the Islamic Dawa Party had a long running conflict with the Baath Party led by Saddam Hussein.
He fled from Iraq on 16 July 1979 after it was discovered that he was a key member of the Islamic Dawa Party, which had been outlawed. He initially went to Syria and two years later moved to Tehran, Iran, which became his base for the next eight years. Subsequently he moved to Damascus. He carried on the work of the Islamic Dawa Party during his stay in Syria and found allies in Hezbollah and Iran in his quest to topple Saddam Hussein.
He went back to Iraq after Saddam Hussein was thrown out of the country in 2003. The Supreme National Debaathification Commission of the Iraqi Interim Government made him a deputy leader of the commission. In January of 2005 he became a member of the transitional national assembly after an election and in October of the same year he helped in the drafting of the new Iraqi constitution.
He emerged as one of the front runners for the post of Prime Minister in 2006 and following the backing of the United States ambassador, the commander of Quds Force and also a deal between the leaders of the Shias and Kurdish people, he was elected as the Prime Minister of Iraq.
During his first term as the Prime Minister of Iraq, he brought in processes to unify the different factions in Iraqi politics and was also the one who signed Saddam Hussein’s death warrant. He was also involved in quelling a rebellion that had erupted in Basra and sent in the Iraqi army to take care of the situation. However, his most significant work during that period was that of reaching an agreement with the US about their forces’ pull-out from Iraq by 2009.
He started his second term as the Prime Minister on 22 December 2010 but it was a turbulent period for him as there were several instances of unrest in Iraq. Bomb blasts allegedly perpetrated by Tariq al – Hasemi, the vice president further stoked Sunni and Kurdish tensions. Despite the Iraqi president’s nomination for someone else as the Prime Minister, Al Maliki did not resign. However, he eventually gave up his post on 14 August 2014 after increasing calls for his ouster from leaders at home and abroad. Subsequently he was made a vice president of Iraq.
His most important work as the Prime Minister of Iraq after taking over a country in turmoil was to broker peace between different warring political and ethnic factions in the country. Although it was not long lasting, it remains one of his most important legacies.
Nouri Kamal Mohammed Hasan al-Maliki was born on 20 June 1950 in Hindiya, Iraq to Kamil Mohammed Hasan al-Maliki and his wife. Very little information is available regarding his family but his grandfather Mohammed Hassan Abul Mahasin was a rebel who fought against the British occupation of Iraq. His family belonged to the Al-Ali tribe.
He was educated in his home town of Hindiya but the name of the school that he attended is unknown. Subsequently he attended the Usal al-Din College located in Baghdad and graduated in 1973. He attained his post graduate degree in Arabic literature from Baghdad University around twenty years later.
During his time at the university he became a member of the Islamic Dawa Party. After completing his education he lived in the city of Al Hillah in central Iraq and worked in the education department.
He got married to Faleeha Khalil, however the exact year or date of their marriage is unknown. The couple has a son, Ahmed and four daughters.