|Full name||: Richard Georg Strauss|
|Alias||: Richard Georg Strauss|
|Animals||: The Rat|
|Father||: Franz Strauss|
|Wife||: Pauline de Ahna|
|Education||: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich|
The greatness of Richard Strauss lies in the way in which he maintained his romanticism in music, even while being part of one of the most chaotic ages of world history. In an age which was dominated by jet engines, television and atom bomb, Strauss established a very successful music career with numerous operas, orchestras, tone poems, ballet music and symphonies. His contributions to 20th century music were undeniably immense that they made him a great influencing force as well as a glorious summation of late romanticism. The fact that he enjoyed a successful career as a composer and internationally acclaimed conductor, and worked with some of the most prominent composers, artists and writers of his time is a testimony to his genius. The immense success which he enjoyed in the post-war era however faded as his physical and mental health deteriorated witnessing the unfortunate political turmoil and the consequent division of Germany.
In the year 1882, Richard Strauss went to Munich University where he studied Art, History and Philosophy. A year after joining the University, he dropped the course and left to Berlin. There he attained the post of Assistant Conductor to Hans Von Bulow. The latter was impressed a lot by Richard Strauss’s serenade for wind instruments. Strauss also learned the art of conducting, which he learnt by observing Bulow. Impressed by the young composer, Bulow decided that Strauss must be his successor of Meiningen orchestra after Bulow’s resignation in 1885.
Those compositions which Strauss composed at this time were profoundly influenced by Robert Schumann or Felix Mendelssohn. His work ‘Horn Concerto No. 1, Op. 11’ reflects this specific period and is a staple of modern horn repertoire. Richard Strauss married Soprano Pauline de Ahna on 10th September 1894. They led a happy married life and she was a great mode of inspiration for him. The couple had a son named Franz, born to them in 1897.
Richard Strauss was born in Munich in Germany on 11 June 1864 to Franz Strauss who worked as a horn player in Court Opera in Munich. As a child, he received music lessons from his father. When he became six years old, he wrote his first composition. During his childhood days, Strauss attended orchestra rehearsals in Munich Court Orchestra, when he also received private tuition in orchestration and music theory from the assistant conductor. The year 1874 was an important year in Richard Strauss’s life; he heard its first Wagner operas, which had a profound influence in Richard’s style. However, in the early days, his father, who was conservative in nature, forbade him in studying Wagner’s compositions because, they were very progressive and hence, were not appreciated much by the conservative musicians.