Activists » Women's Rights Activists » SOJOURNER TRUTH
|Full name||: Sojourner Truth|
|Alias||: Sojourner Truth|
|Address||: Swartekill, New York|
|Animals||: The Snake|
|Father||: James Baumfree|
|Mother||: Elizabeth Baumfree|
|Activists||: Women's Rights Activists|
Sojourner Truth was an African American abolitionist who became the first black woman to successfully sue and win the case against a white man to recover her son who had been illegally sold into slavery. She was also a well known women’s rights activist who rose to prominence with her ‘Ain’t I a Woman?’ speech delivered at the Ohio Women’s Rights Convention. Born as Isabella Baumfree, she took up the name Sojourner Truth when she had a spiritual revelation about the purpose of her life and started traveling and preaching about abolition of slavery. She herself had been born into slavery and was later forcibly married off to another slave. She became the mother of five children, two of whom she was able to save from slavery; her other children however could not be rescued before they were legally freed. She later joined the Northampton Association of Education and Industry in Northampton, Massachusetts which had been founded by the major abolitionists of those times. Here she became acquainted with William Lloyd Garrison, Frederick Douglass, and David Ruggles. After the group disbanded, she joined the abolitionist George Benson and along with him started attending conventions and delivering speeches on anti-slavery issues, women’s rights, prison reforms, etc. She was a highly respected orator much admired by abolitionists and women’s rights activists for her works.
She was one of the foremost feminist leaders of the abolition movement and a campaigner for women’s rights. She was a forceful orator who fearlessly spoke about varied topics like anti-slavery movements, women’s emancipation, capital punishment, prison reforms, and universal property rights, among others.
She was one of the several children—historians mention this figure to be either 10 or 12—born to slaves James Baumfree and Elizabeth. Her parents were owned by Colonel Hardenbergh.
After the death of her owners, Truth was sold off at an auction along with a flock of sheep in 1806. She was just nine years old then. Her new owner John Neely was a very cruel man.
She was sold off a couple more times before she became the property of John Dumont in 1810. Dumont was kind towards his slaves but his wife ill-treated them and made their lives miserable.
As a teenager she fell in love with a slave named Robert who had a different owner. She even had a child with him even though they could not get married as Robert’s owner forbade him to do so.
Her owner Dumont forced her to marry another slave, Thomas, with whom she had four children including one who died as an infant.
She led a very active life and continued speaking and campaigning well into her old age. She died of old age related problems in 1883.